Kaliningrad Potsdam Agreement

The Potsdam Agreement was the August 1945 agreement between three World War II allies, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union. It was about the military occupation and reconstruction of Germany, its borders and the entire territory of the European theatre of war. He also looked at the demilitarization of Germany, reparations and the prosecution of war criminals. The agreement, which was a communiqué, was not a peace treaty between the peoples, although it created the fait accompli. It was replaced by the Treaty on the Definitive Regime, signed on 12 September 1990, in accordance with Germany. The Western powers saw no problem with the Soviet Union`s accumulation of assets and equipment in its occupied East German territory. They also enabled the dismantling and transfer of 25% of machinery and industrial equipment from their occupied territories in Germany to the Soviet Union. The victorious countries of the Second World War created a „Council of Foreign Ministers“ to prepare a peace treaty with defeated Germany. The Council operated in 1945/49 without reaching an agreement. Peace agreements have not yet been concluded. Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia were not mentioned in any of the discussions as if they had never existed. In 2001, the EU reportedly held talks with Russia to conclude an association agreement with the Kaliningrad Oblast, at a time when Russia could not repay $22 billion in debt to Berlin, which may have given Germany some influence over the territory. [11] Allegations of the „buyout“ of Kaliningrad (Konigsberg) or other „secret deals“ were rejected by both parties.

[14] The Western powers have never questioned whether Russia annexed the East Prussian region of Konigsberg as an enclave of Kaliningrad, despite the Potsdam agreement 70 years ago, to decide the fate of the region in the final peace agreement with Germany. It is understandable that Germany remains silent until today. As the leader of the Second World War and the tragedy that followed throughout Europe, Germany avoids the spread of claims about the loss of territory and even refers to the genocide inflicted by the Soviet Union on millions of German nationals during and after the Second World War. Kaliningrad, formerly German (1255-1946) Konigsberg, Polish Krélewiec, city, seaport and administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast (region), Russia. Detached from the rest of the country, the city is an enclave of the Russian Federation. Kaliningrad is located on the Pregolya River upstream of Lagoon Frisches. The city, once the capital of the Dukes of Prussia and then the capital of East Prussia, was ceded to the Soviet Union in 1945 as part of the Potsdam Agreement. The three governments took note of discussions in recent weeks in London between representatives of the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and France to reach agreement on the methods of trial of major war criminals whose crimes do not present a particular geographical location after the Moscow Declaration of October 1943.

The three governments reaffirm their intention to bring justice quickly and safely to these criminals. They hope that the London negotiations will lead to a quick agreement to that end, and they believe it is very important that the trial of these great criminals begins as soon as possible.